The novel coronavirus, also known as 2019-nCoV, is a virus that was first detected in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The virus causes an illness known as COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019.. It spreads from person to person through respiratory droplets when a person with the virus coughs or sneezes. Symptoms include fever, coughing, and difficulty breathing.
The most severe symptoms are pneumonia. People who are at high risk for serious illness from COVID-19 include older adults and people with underlying medical conditions such as heart disease, lung disease, or diabetes. The outbreak has since spread around the world, and on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared it a pandemic. At this time, there are no approved treatments or vaccines for COVID-19.
1. As of April 12, 2020, there have been more than
2.7 million cases of COVID-19 reported in the United States, including more than 60,000 deaths. The majority of cases and deaths have occurred among people over age 65 years. The following is a summary of the new information about COVID-19 that we’ve recently learned. COVID-19 can be transmitted through:
3. Direct contact with an infected person’s respiratory droplets.
4. Through small particles (aerosol) released by someone who is coughing or sneezing. This is also known as “respiratory droplet transmission.”
5. Through large particles (droplets) that are released into the air when someone coughs or sneezes. This is also called “large droplet transmission.” People who are close to someone with COVID-19 are at risk of getting sick, especially if they touch their eyes, nose, or mouth.